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|Title||Temporal bioavailability of organochlorine pesticides and PCBs.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2006|
|Authors||Sethajintanin D, Anderson KA|
|Journal||Environ Sci Technol|
|Animals, Biological Availability, DDT, Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene, Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane, Environmental Pollutants, Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated, Insecticides, Oregon, Pesticides, Polychlorinated Biphenyls, Rivers, Seasons, Water Pollutants, Chemical|
Because PCBs and organochlorine pesticides continue to be of global concern, studies that address information gaps, such as factors and influences of spatial and temporal effects on contaminant bioavailability, are valuable. The present study focused on the spatial and temporal distribution of bioavailable organochlorine pesticides and PCBs in surface waters of a contaminated harbor. Passive sampling devices were intensively deployed adjacent to various land uses on the Willamette River, OR, including Portland Harbor and McCormick and Baxter Superfund sites, during summer and fall, extreme conditions, 2001-2004. An increase of bioavailable sigmaDDTs (sum of p,p'-DDT, p,p'-DDD, and p,p'-DDE) concentrations was strongly affected bythe local historic production of DDTs and temporal changes in river conditions. The increase of bioavailable p,p'-DDD and high DDD/DDE ratios observed during summer indicates conditions favoring anaerobic reductive processes. In contrast to sigmaDDTs, the bioavailable concentrations and daily loads of dieldrin and PCBs increased during fall, especially during episodic rainstorms. On the basis of the PCB congener profiles, PCB inputs from urban runoff /sewer overflows were considered likely current sources of bioavailable PCB into the Harbor. The exceedence of the U.S. national and Oregon water quality criteria was a function of the temporal variability of each bioavailable contaminant. This illustrates the impacts associated with temporal changes of bioavailable organochlorine distributions in surface waters and the significance of considering realistic temporal, bioavailability, and site-specific conditions in risk assessment and water quality management.
|Alternate Journal||Environ. Sci. Technol.|